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Abstract 27th February 2014 – Session 2B

Renate Behrens (German National Library, Germany), Verena Schaffner (Austrian Library Network and Service Ltd., Austria)
RDA – The implementation in Germany, Austria and German-speaking Switzerland
Keywords: FRBR, Work Clustering, Implementation Project
The presentation gives an overview of the project for the implementation of the international content standard RDA (Resource Description and Access) in the German-speaking countries Austria, Germany and parts of Switzerland. Due to the situation in cultural politics in the participating countries, this process is organized as a cooperative project. Implementing RDA in the German-speaking countries is the first attempt to adopt RDA in a non-Anglo-American context.
In May 2012, the Committee for Library Standards, which is responsible for decisions concerning library standardization in Germany, Austria and German-speaking Switzerland, decided to implement RDA. Therefore, the RDA working group was established to prepare for the changeover to RDA. One of the first tasks facing the working group set up by the Committee for Library Standards was to draw up an overall changeover schedule for all partners involved in the project. The RDA project is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2015. Almost 20 institutions are represented in the project; therefore about 100 experts (catalogers, format specialists, trainers, etc.) are involved in the different working groups.
The structure of this cooperative project with its working groups and the project management in the German National Library will be demonstrated as well as the leading committees of this cooperative process. After nearly half of the term of the project, the presentation will show the first results concerning the Policy Statements for the German-speaking countries, the format adaptions which will be necessary to implement the changes required for RDA (e. g. Content, Media, Carrier Types) and the training method and schedule.
A special focus will be given on the adaption of the Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND) – the integrated authority file of the German-speaking community – in order to conform to RDA. This process will be finished soon and the change for the integrated authority file will start the implementation process of RDA in summer 2014.
Beyond that the presentation gives an introduction of the basic principles of RDA, the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR), and the discussion about the presentation of works, based on the FRBR principles, in the German National Library and the Austrian Library Network will be demonstrated.
Tetyana Yaroshenko, Iryna Bankovska (National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy, Ukraine)
Electronic Catalogue of the University Library: more than just a catalogue (an example from National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy Library)
Keywords: online library catalogs, library catalog management, Opac, Aleph
Work experience of each library is as unique as personal one. It concerns all fields of the library activity: collection development, library management and services etc. The main library mission is to support all needs of the university community or every other community for which library works.
Libraries in Ukraine. Ukraine has quite diverse library network. It consists of 37 466 libraries, among them 18 000 are public libraries, the rest are academic, medical, school, special etc. We have 9 national libraries. The major challenges that faced our libraries are: postcomunistic factor (more than 70 years libraries had been working as ideological centers), the bad state funding and support, the absence of many very important standards for some processes, the lack of personnel. Because of some reasons the amount of libraries is shortening, especially in the countryside. The level of libraries development differs from library to library. The most developed are national libraries, state level libraries, regional libraries, academic libraries. They have their own information resources: websites, catalogues, electronic libraries and so on. On the other hand, only 12% of public libraries have Internet access and only 2% of them have their own e-catalogues. There are no corporate projects in cataloguing in the country and there is no intention to do it. There are no coordinated cataloguing standards (in use MARC 21 and UniMARC at the same time), there are no attempts to even discuss on the cataloguing problems of electronic resources or RDA implementation. Federative search and discovery systems are used only in some lonely libraries in the country. There is no Center for creation and dissemination of bibliographic records at the national level. The same situation is with authority data. In spite of all these problems we are developing and trying to support main progressive initiatives in the contemporary library science.
National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (NaUKMA) Library. NaUKMA Library is a library of one of the oldest university in Ukraine (was founded in 1615 and revived in 1991). Our main patrons’ categories are more than 3500 BA and MA students from 6 faculties and also University professors and staff as well as patrons who do not belong to NaUKMA community (for example, patrons of Viktor Kytasty American Library). By the Jan. the 1st 2013 the number of our patrons has reached 10 944.
Web OPAC at NaUKMA Library. The automation project has been started in 1996 with usage of ILS ALEPH 500. Bibliographic data presentation format – MARC 21. The catalogue ( counts more than 300 000 bibliographic records , more than 600000 items, 700+ authority records, 13 virtual collections including American Library which is public one and has got 2 separate virtual collections.
General principles of catalogue structure: user-friendly intuitive interface, broad search possibilities, tools for search results processing. So, these are the principles that can be standards and fit the requirements of usability and some Web 2.0 recommendations. Except this we use also best practices of other libraries that use the same ILS (as an example we can name the virtual collection design of new acquisitions and lists of related editions in bibliographic record).
The main specifics of the library e–catalogue: our library an academic one and our catalogue has special virtual collection for Course Reserves. Collection consists of course-related materials recommended by University professors; simple work with new acquisitions. Because of big importance of new documents for the university community we are trying make information about new acquisitions as broad and opened as possible to every member of community. Information is accessible through e-mail and RSS feeds. Each library patron (and each catalogue user) can choose topic on which he/she’d like to receive information and the way in which this information could be delivered; library catalogue gives access to the electronic resources: digitized items provided by university professors and lecturers for course learning, uploaded bibliographic records from purchased databases; the catalogue contains some virtual collections related to the university materials: Scholars works, Publications about the University, materials from University Institutional Repository, full text articles from “Scientific papers of NaUKMA” serials; part of the catalogue – the American library catalogue. This is public library and contains virtual collection that is more interesting for public library patrons; web-OPAC is source for extended communication with patrons. Patrons could receive the email letters when hold request is fulfilled, hold request is cancelled, courtesy notices or overdue letters; catalogue has the elements of interactivity. Each library patron can became the member of library collection development team. The acquisition request via the OPAC allows the patrons to request materials for purchasing that are absent in library at the moment; authority data – Name Authority Files: authority file of personal names and authority file of personal names university scholars; link to Google Books Service which is displayed from record’s full view; as a searching aid on different topics, catalogue shows related books from the record’s full view. There are established such types of relationship: books frequently read by people who have borrowed this particular item, books with equal or the same subject headings, or other editions of the same published work.
Web OPAC management. The most important thing in the library Web OPAC management is creation of the strong relationship between technical specialists and all library departments. It requires the different work groups to maintain different functions of the ILS. Because all processes at the library are interrelated and aimed at a single result – creating and maintaining services that satisfy the needs of our patrons.
Zdravko Blazekovic (Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale, USA)
RILM abstracts of music literature in its global multilingual environment
Keywords: Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM), linked data, multilingual equivalencies
Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM), with its international office based in New York, publishes since 1967 its abstracted music bibliography with a detailed indexing. As a bibliography of significant scholarship concerning all genres of music, published in all document types, and appearing anywhere in the world, RILM Abstracts of Music Literature is an essential research and discovery tool used by music scholars all over the world.
First publishing bibliography in annual printed volumes and then making it available online through DIALOG Information Retrieval Services as early as 1979, RILM has always been at the forefront of technological innovations, making its international and multilingual content equally accessible to scholars working in different linguistic environments. At the time when RILM was appearing only in print, its indexing thesaurus were translated to seventeen languages, allowing users to find the desired English-language term starting from a language most familiar to them. Now, when the bibliography is available online through EBSCO and ProQuest platforms, RILM has implemented several tools for searching in a variety of languages and from computer keyboards using different scripts. Bibliographic information and sbstracts for publications in languages using non-roman writing systems RILM presents in English as well as in the original language. For personal names, geographic locations, musical instruments, genres, work titles, and institutions RILM has created equivalency files which allow efficient searching of its English-language content with terms in other languages. RILM’s database also implements a number of fields which facilitating linked data within global library networks, such as DOI for bibliographic information, URLs for the content residing on open web, VIAF and ISNI numbers for linking names to national library authority catalogues, Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names® for linking geographic locations. Concepts for future linking data include matching RILM indexing with the content in relevant music databases, such as for example manuscripts and prints in the Répertoire International de Sources Musicales (RISM). The presentation will demonstrate the requirements placed before a global bibliographic service and the tools which RILM has developed to answer them in making its content available for an efficient search within multilingual global environment.
Luca Martinelli (Wikimedia Italia)
Wikidata: A New Way to Disseminate Structured Data
Keywords: Wikidata, libraries, open data
Wikidata is the newest project of the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF), the non-profit U.S.-based foundation that runs Wikipedia and its sister projects. Officially released on October 30, 2012, and developed by Wikimedia Deutschland (WMF’s German counterpart), Wikidata is a free knowledge base that can be read and edited by humans and machines alike, published under a free license, allowing to everyone the reuse of the stored data in many different scenarios.
The main goal of Wikidata is to centralise access to and management of structured data about every subject covered by Wikipedia and its sister projects (i.e. the exact number of inhabitants of a country, the apparent magnitude of a celestial body, the birthplace of a Chinese Emperor, and so on). Data are organised into “statements,” i.e. a property-value pair such as “Location: Germany,” with optional qualifiers and with their original sources (such as books, reviews, authority databases…). Wikidata is run by a community of voluntary editors, who decide on the rules of content creation and management, and is based on open-source software MediaWiki – the same software of Wikipedia – with the addition of the Wikibase extensions, specifically created for this project.
At the moment, Wikidata is already a test-field for several collaborations with Italian and international libraries: for example, it has already 30+ properties related to National Libraries’ authority files, included a property that links to Italy’s Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale. Acting as a hub of properties and identifiers, Wikidata is so becoming a “super” authority control. Moreover, there is also an official cooperation between the Association Wikimedia Italia and the National Central Library of Florence, in order to connect BNCF’s thesaurus to Wikipedia articles through Wikidata. As of November 21, 2013, more than 1600 SBN authority codes have been imported to Wikipedia, as long as around 10,000 BNCF’s thesaurus entries. Both data are still growing.
There are also plans for future collaborations: an informal “task force” for books (both as sources and as “items”) has been set up on Wikidata, in order to uniform Wikidata properties to the Dublin Core metadata scheme and allowing the basic description of documents. An Italian mailing list has been also set up, to which some Wikipedia and Wikidata users and a growing number of librarians subscribed, in order to discuss how librarians can contribute to WMF projects. This led to the organisation of a series of meetings, called “biblio-hackathons” (a portmanteau for “biblioteca,” “hacking,” and “marathon”), in which librarians are asked and “incited” to get their hands on and improve Wikipedia and its sister projects, with the help of some Wikipedian volunteers.
URL: Copyright AIB 2014-02-04. A cura di , ultima modifica 2014-02-04