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FSR 2014, Abstract 27th February – Poster session

Eliane Blumer, Jasmin Hügi, René Schneider
The usability issues of faceted navigation in digital libraries
Abstract
The last decade transformed faceted navigation from a “nice-to-have” into a “must-have functionality” for all online web services that contain a search function. The movement has been started by commercial websites, such as online clothing stores, with the purpose of facilitating access to the products.
Now, faceted search seems to be more and more well-known within the community of information institutions and their digital services, too, as for example the online catalogue of
the Library of Congress or Europeana show. In this context, as well, the feature is often sold as an added value to access the content of their sites in a more effective way. Still, experience shows that the use of faceted navigation in a digital library context is more complex than for online clothing stores. For this reason, it is important to focus on the usability of such functionalities and to test it as often as possible during implementation and regular use, as well. Site providers have to be aware of one important fact: a faceted search that has not been implemented correctly or does not work in the way the user expects it, will create frustration and/or not be used at all. This implies in a worst case scenario that users don’t come back to the site anymore, and may even spread their negative experience among the community. To prevent this, usability tests, either with experts or real users, should be conducted regularly.
This can be done with common usability tests, using direct human interaction with a system, or with online tests, where test user are free to fill in the test whenever they want. In both cases, test results illuminate a system’s weaknesses and expose dysfunctional issues, which should be improved in order to offer a positive experience to its users.
For more than five years, the project ACCEPT, a subproject of a Swiss national project called e-lib.ch, analyzes the usability and usefulness of digital libraries, by using user oriented methods. Experience has shown that filters provided through faceted navigation are considered as positive and very useful by end users. Nevertheless, based on different test results, several returning mistakes have been detected and it turns out that there are some ‘unwritten standards’ concerning e.g. position, labelling or ranking which should be respected to fulfil the aim of a good usability which users do expect of such web services. In this poster we will first give an introduction to faceted navigation, actual design issues and their use in digital libraries and then present testing methods, which can be easily applied in a digital library context. Together with a list of best practices concerning faceted navigation drawn out of different test experiences, the paper should give the reader all important information to evaluate its current faceted navigation and see where improvements could be made.
Eliane Blumer has a B.Sc. in Information Science and is currently working as research and teaching assistant at the Geneva School of Business Administration within the fields of usability of digital libraries as well as innovative user interfaces.
Jasmin Hügi has a B. Sc. in Information Science and is currently following a Master in the same field. She is working as research assistant at the Geneva School of Business Administration within the fields of usability of digital libraries and semantic publishing.
Prof. Dr. René Schneider works since 2006 as Professor in Information Science at the Geneva School of Business Administration. Along with his teaching tasks, he coordinates several projects about the creation of innovative user interfaces as well as the usability and usefulness evaluation of digital libraries. He graduated in Computer Linguistics and Hispanics and holds a Ph. D. in Linguistics.
Chiara Consonni, Danilo Deana
A new OPAC for a new service. The OPAC of the Archive of Published Documents of the Lombardy Region
Abstract
Italian Law 106 of April 15th, 2004 (legislation concerning the legal deposit of documents of cultural significance intended for public consumption) made it obligatory to submit for legal deposit any document intended for public consumption in order that a lasting memory of Italy’s cultural and social life be preserved. Lombardy Region has entrusted the management of its Archive of Published Documents to the BEIC Foundation. Every year more than 18,000 monographs, 40,000 issues and 2,500 multimedia items are processed by the Archive staff and the records are added to the national catalogue (SBN catalogue).
To promote its activity and collections, the BEIC Foundation has recently implemented an enriched dedicated OPAC (the first of its kind in Italy) following the STATEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL CATALOGUING PRINCIPLES (ICP) and adopting Primo (Ex Libris) as discovery tool. A tool to identify and georeference the publishers according to the district and the annual production has been realized through the enrichment of the bibliographic data.
Chiara Consonni graduated from the International Master in Digital Library Learning (Oslo, Norway; Tallinn, Estonia; Parma Italy) and is employed at the Fondazione BEIC as responsible for the infrastructure and applications. Her research interests embrace digital library services and how they can support the knowledge creation process.
Danilo Deana is employed at the Divisione Coordinamento Biblioteche of the Milan University and is the project manager of the Digital library division of the BEIC Foundation. In the recent years he has worked with several institution and company dealing with digitization systems.
Dionysios Kakavoulis, Leonidas Papachristopoulos, Constantia Kakali
Interlinked authorities data in a globalized cataloguing environment
Abstract
The realization of Linked Open Data vision demands extrovert behaviour from the side of libraries engendering a leakage to their data silos. This openness should be accompanied with the establishment of common contact points, escaping from the “Tower of Babel” of the web. With the aspiration to introduce itself in the linked data environment and to make an initial step towards the communication between Greek academic libraries, Panteion University Library has developed POLAriS (Panteion Open Linked AuthoRItieS), which is a webification of Subject Headings of Panteion Library, focusing on Social Sciences, linking to LSCH (http://library.panteion.gr/polaris/)
Subject indexing is a time consuming process which indicates an imperative need for an efficient tool among cataloguers’ community, assisting their daily tasks. The proposed Web based application facilitates library’s personnel to detect any equivalencies between two authority files and untwine any disambiguation. POLAriS is a step forward to the enhancement of the uniformity of subject indexing among Greek cataloguers regarding the subject headings of social sciences. Cataloguers’ work is simplified through the visualization that offers a topic map. Acting as a Cataloguing Support Tool, it emphases on the visual browsing of authorities, aiming at librarians’ consistency, efficiency and productivity. POLAriS data have been integrated as a tool to our repository as a subject recommendation system for the dissertation submission. POLAriS usage will intensify the consistency of our subject indexing behaviour adding value to library resources and increasing the effectiveness of our work.
POLAriS is based on a bidirectional relationship with the user. On one hand, users can consult it regarding to authorities interconnections and their full UNIMARC records, having at the same time useful manuals on the same screen for simplifying the process of subject indexing. On the other hand, POLAriS empowers users to make suggestions on the terminology used for Subject Heading of the selected record and edit it according to his needs. Functionalities like downloading and printing are embedded in the application. Furthermore, POLAriS is bridging bridges library’s resources under a single platform. Each user can access repository’s (http://pandemos.panteion.gr/) and OPAC’s (http://library.panteion.gr/opacial/) records browsing POLAriS data.
Our belief is that the provision of Subject Headings on the web will give us the opportunity to prove the richness and validity of Panteion Library’s authority data. At the same time, we hope that the publicity of such projects will sensitize the community of Greek academic libraries towards cooperation. An additional poster’s aim is to contribute to the discussion on open bibliographic data and Linked Open Data in the area of academic libraries. Conclusions, regarding the problems encountered, will benefit librarians revealing new ways for further exploitation of current infrastructure.
Dionysios Kakavoulis obtained his Bachelor in Informatics and Telecommunications in 2009 from the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens and his Master in Information Systems from Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece in 2012. Currently he works as an IT Specialist in Information Technology and Technical Support Department of the Panteion Univercity Library. His research interests include web-based software applications, Semantic Web, Information Retrieval and digital libraries.
Leonidas Papachristopoulos is a PhD student at the Department of Archive and Library Sciences at the Ionian University. He received his MSc in Library management with a special focus on new technologies and his research interests include ontology management, ontology evolution, digital library evaluation, methodology assessment in digital library evaluation and bibliometrics.
Constantia Kakali is the Director of Panteion University Library, Athens, Greece. She received her diploma (MLIS) in Information Science at the Department of Archives and Library Science, Ionian University in 2006 and her BSc in Department of Library Science and Information Systems at the Faculty of Management and Economics of the Technical Educational Institution of Athens in 2001. She owns also a degree in Sociology. Her rich research activity focuses mainly on the knowledge organization systems and subject indexing.
Klaus Keil
RISM for Libraries – new services for a better collaboration
Abstract
RISM is the largest and only globally–operating enterprise that documents written musical sources.
The International Inventory of Musical Sources – Répertoire International des Sources Musicales (RISM) – aims for comprehensive documentation of extant musical sources worldwide. These documented primary sources are manuscripts or printed music, writings on music theory, and libretti. They are housed in libraries, archives, monasteries, schools and private collections. Today, RISM is recognized within the scholarly community as the central place for the documentation of music primary sources.
In the past working for RISM was more or less a one way. Working groups or catalogers in the libraries sent their information to the Zentralredaktion in Frankfurt, where they have been entered or loaded in an internal database and published as CD–ROM or as Internet database. Since 2010 this database is available free of charge for searching. For using the data they are offered as open data since 2013 and for spring 2014 a linked open data publication is planed. Moreover the Zentralredaktion offers the data via a SRU Interface.
The poster will describe some examples for collaborations between library projects and RISM, for RISM data used as meta data for digital resources and will give some technical and methodological background information.
Klaus Keil is a musicologist and theologian.Born 1954 near Göttingen (Germany). Studied philosophy, Catholic theology, and musicology at the Philosophical-Theological Seminary St. Georgen, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt, and the Albert-Ludwig-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau. Research on the repertoire of the papal singers’ society “Cappella Sistina” during the time between 1520 and 1580. Since 1982 employed at the RISM Zentralredaktion (Central Office) in Kassel as editor (student worker), creating parameters for the development and testing of new computer applications. Permanent employment in 1987 as research associate and in 1991 promoted to director. Since then, diverse publications on the work of RISM, most recently co-editor of the conference proceedings Academic and Technical Challenges of Musicological Source Research in an International Framework (Hildesheim, 2010). (Representative of the Independent Research Institutes section of the Hessian State Music Council and since 2013 co-president of the International Adolph Henselt Association).
Mike Mertens
Research Libraries UK (RLUK) and its Linked Data release
Abstract
RLUK (Research Libraries UK) is a consortium of 34 of the top research and national libraries in the UK and Ireland. The consortium was founded 30 years ago and has since continually developed itself on the back of shared services, principles and action. In 2013, RLUK became the first consortium to join The European Library on its relaunch. One of the principal drivers behind becoming part of The European Library was the prospect of transforming our union catalogue of bibliographic metadata into a huge set of linked open data. Linked open data is no longer at the embryonic stage of use and deployment to effect new ways of discovering, searching for, connecting and enriching resources for all on the open Web. However, in the library sphere, systems that could truly take advantage of a fully semantic approach to resource description, discovery and access have been slower to appear. Moreover even the very few that have come into being based on linked data principles are still based on what are arguably traditional library functions: accession, description, and access.
RLUK therefore seeks not only to release through The European Library what will eventually be one of the largest sets to date of linked open data but also to build a community around its use. The aim will be twofold: initially it will be to bring together developers from all quarters, be they library based, attached to academic research projects, commercial or open source software writers to see what can be created using our linked open data, with an opening Hackathon at Easter, 2014. Developing alongside this, RLUK will seek also to engage vendors and researchers to see where and how more ad–hoc and ephemeral services in the service of scholarly work can be made more applicable, more relevant and more efficient as tools the library can offer its patrons and users to help them both create new and apposite tools, and consume them, beyond even ‘the catalogue’ or ‘the discovery service’, whether they are established academics, early career researchers, undergraduates, or in outreach work to members of the public. Ultimately, this would point to the co–design of systems that would combine library and active research needs more holistically, and allow not only the direct linking of passive resources for discovery but also actively assist researchers in the dynamic creation of new knowledge, new methodologies and new forms of broadcasting research. Would such a marriage of systems or functions be possible through using a linked open data or fully semantic approach on that basis? The poster will suggest why this should be optimally aspired to.
Mike Mertens is Deputy Executive Director and Data Services Manager of RLUK. Mike has advised a number of other groups including The European Library, LIBER, Jisc, Mimas, and the DPC. Mike’s academic background is in languages and history. He still actively researches, and has recently collaborated with colleagues in both the academic and artistic fields.
Lucia Panciera
The Bibliography of the Italian Parliament goes linked open data
Abstract
After the publication of the platform http://dati.camera.it, containing linked open data about the official acts, the bodies and the members of the Italian Chamber of deputies since 1848, the Chamber is now applying linked open data principles to the bibliographic references in the database called BPR – Bibliography of the Italian Parliament and Electoral Studies.
The BPRis a database created and mantained by the Library of the Chamber of deputies; it is updated three times a year and currently contains more than 20,000 bibliographic references relating to the Italian Parliament, the post–1945 National Consultative Assembly and Constituent Assembly, and the general elections, since 1848.
Each reference is assigned one or more classification codes, which are taken from a directory of over 100 classifications that are organized into seven major fields.
The BPR encompasses mainly juridical essays, but also research on political and organization science, on political sociology, as well as relevant historiographical literature. It includes references to books and articles published in periodicals, miscellaneous volumes, encyclopedias and selected websites. It also offers nearly 3,000 full texts.
The database can be consulted at http://bpr.camera.it and from the historical portal of the Chamber of deputies (http://storia.camera.it/bpr#nav). During the restructuring of the database, which is being realized jointly by the Library and the Information technology Department, it was decided to adopt the linked open data model both internally, using the PAD modular system (Piattaforma aperta per la documentazione digitale = Open platform for digital documentation) and in the publication of data, not only on the official portal but also on the new BPR website, that will permit direct download of data in the RDF/XML serialization. The BPR linked open data project is at an advanced stage and it is expected to be concluded in early 2014.
The Library participated mainly in the following activities: 1. Selection of the ontologies to be used for data publication (Dublin Core, ISBD Ontology, Bibo Ontology); 2. Mapping from the previous db Access to the properties of the ontologies chosen; 3. Customization of the PAD platform functionalities; 4. Redesign of the consultation website, based mainly on faceted search; Next steps are:
5. Linking to other linked open data resources: firstly, to the biographical datasets already published by Chamber of deputies according to the OCD ontology (Ontologia della Camera dei deputati = Chamber of deputies Ontology); secondly, to external datasets such as VIAF for authors, and, possibly, to the Italian Nuovo soggettario for classification terms; 6. Increasing the external projection of the BPR, permitting data harvesting by portals such as CulturaItalia (the Italian aggregator toEuropeana) and general data reuse.
Lucia Panciera is an official of the Library of the Chamber of deputies, at present in charge of the management and the quality control of the library catalogue. She graduated in 1992 at the Advanced School for Archivists and Librarians, Specialization for Librarians (University of Rome “La Sapienza”)and got a master’s degree in Library Management and Administration in 2009 (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan – IAL Nazionale, Brescia) . She has been working since 1993 in the Library of the Chamber of deputies (reference, acquisitions, cataloguing and
parliamentary databases departments). She is a member of the library working group for the Bibliography of the Italian Parliament and electoral studies since its constitution in 1997. Her main interests are metadata, search interfaces and the semantic web.
Federica Riva
Responsbile social cataloguing in music at the Library of the Conservatorio di musica “L. Cherubini” in Florence
Abstract
Since catalogue is the main tool guiding researches through a library collection, a key responsibility of librarians is to maintain a high–quality collection’s catalogue. Transformation of catalogues from paper to online format is a historical process that has still to be thoroughly managed in the music field, as information currently produced on paper catalogues is hidden to studies. The lack of coordination between two humanistic disciplines, information science and musicology, which is happening at national and level, should be overcome. Collective cataloguing is a methodology yet to be shared, even if it led to essential results already in the ’60. The founder of Italian music bibliography Claudio Sartori used it and through the collective catalogues he worked on he promoted access to music. Cataloguing data published in scholarly works are also hidden to catalogue users until they are retrieved from publications. Cooperation with sister disciplines – archivists and museum curators – may be also crucial.
This view underpins cataloguing activities at the Library of the Conservatorio di musica ‘L. Cherubini’ in Florence since 2011. Badly damaged by the flood of Florence in 1966, the library was quite closed until 2009. The interruption of professional library activities gives the current librarian an opportunity to review all library procedures. Early results lead to a methodological proposal for updating library catalogues here explained through two case studies: the Pitti collection and the Basevi collection.
The Pitti music collection – 6000 items including 4000 manuscripts – tells the story and role of music at the Habsburg court of Ferdinando III (1769–1824), the Grand duke of Tuscany, who let copied and acquired materials both in Tuscany and in Austrian and German countries, where he had to live after 1799, before he came back to Florence (1814). The collection represents connections among Florence and Europe. The Basevi collection of rare items represents the personality of Abramo Basevi, musician, music critic and musicologist, founder of the Conservatory (1862), of the “Società del quartetto”, of the journal “Boccherini” and of the Competition for quartets named after him. The collection represents the role of Florence in the Italian history of music.
The renewed cataloguing process implies sharing of information among collective catalogues, musicologists and researches, and the library, which assumes the role of a research centre distributing updated information received by the users to other users, therefore strengthening the scholarly community while developing communication through old and new media, as well as keeping the focus on its own research aim: to maintain the catalogue seen as a best practice activity. Professional librarians should therefore have a capacity to use new technologies; to follow the current trends in cataloguing development, as well as to implement ideas circulating among the library and its users, while sticking to basic values of library information science, based on a strong self–consciousness of its historic development. The aim of this mutual help should be to strength the influence of music within culture and society.
Federica Riva has a degree in Musicology (1987) at the Università degli studi di Pavia, Scuola di Paleografia e Filologia musicale di Cremona. Two years music cataloguer of printed music by the Biblioteca del Conservatorio statale di musica “G. Verdi” (1989) the music librarian in Campobasso, Palermo (1993-1994), Parma (1994-2010) where developed experience on archival documents and museum objects in music, Firenze (2010-) where library services have to be completely re-organized after 40 years of closed library. Conservatories. Studies in and Information science of the second level Master course (University of Newcastle and Università di Parma) with prof. A.M.Tammaro). Active in the International Association of Music Libraries, Archives and Documentation Centres (IAML) as chair of the Libraries in Music Teaching Institutions Branch (6 years), Copyright Committee (6 years, promoting a worldwide survey on copyright and music libraries published on the IAML website) IAML Vice-President (6 years). At present secretary of the Archive and Documentation Centres branch and chair of the working group Libraries in Music Teaching Institutions and accreditation. Co-founder of the Italian national branch of IAML (1994), since then organizing the scientific aspect annual meetings promoting collaboration with AIB. Treasurer; now President, developing cooperation with national central Institutes (ICCU; Direzione generale Archivi) and international R-projects. Published about the state of art of Italian cataloguing of music primary sources in relationship with international projects and local research; library services (loan, reproduction) and copyright law; authority control (names in music) with Massimo Gentili-Tedeschi. Publications: works in progress: Issues in Music Iconography from the Italian Conservatories in Parma and Florence (RIdIM Istambul conference 2013), Are we following Claudio Sartori’s lesson? Managing union catalogues of music in Italy between paper and digital technologies: methodological issues and the state of art (IAML conference Vienna 2013). Ongoing individual scientific projects: Cumulative Index of teachers and students of the Italian Music Conservatories in the XIX century. Publication list on the Conservatorio di Firenze website.
Stefano Bolelli Gallevi
Rethink or reshape? Or, how the library catalogue should to be faster, smarter and richer?
Abstract
The poster will describe the cataloguing workflow as a part of catalogue improvement.
As a librarian involved in day–by–day cataloguing, every research on a library catalogue is an occasion to discover, in bibliographic and in authority entries, a huge amount of mistakes, expecially in printed book and film description, and it is far from rare to have the doubt if the record I’m looking has been created for the same edition of my copy–in–hand, or for a different one.
In my contribute, referring to the italian (i.e. REICAT) situation but triyng to having a look on the international (i.e. RDA) one, i’ll discuss some practical examples of book and film cataloguing, on the assumption that examples are both important to build good cataloguing rules and to apply them.
Particular attention will be paid to record duplication and inaccuracies, triyng to understand how to avoid them, focusing on the procedures of correcting errors in particular what a cataloguer has to do to contact the collegue who created the record, discuss with him which corrections the record needs, who will made them and so on.
If the efficiency of cataloguing workflow is a crucial factor to build a library catalogue with clear and correct descriptions of the materials the library owns, then the back–office cataloguing needs to be fast, rich and smart as much as the catalogue is.
Starting from that point, I’ll try to evidence how is better to rethink both the catalogue and the cataloguing process before reshaping them.
Stefano Bolelli Gallevi, after a degree in Library science at the Università di Pisa with a dissertation in theory of cataloguing (tutor prof. Alberto Petrucciani), he now attends the post-graduated Scuola di specializzazione at SSAB – Università La Sapienza di Roma. He worked for several years in university libraries and collaborated with the commission for the REICAT cataloguing rules in the PERRICA project.
From July 2013 he is a librarian at Università degli studi di Milano, working at the Biblioteca del Polo di mediazione interculturale e di comunicazione di Sesto S. Giovanni.
Reza Khanipour, Soheyla Faal, Mahbube Ghorbani
The Feasibility Study of Websites Cataloging in National Library & Archives of I.R. of Iran (NLAI)
Abstract
The websites are kinds of information resources in the knowledge and information cycle. On the other hand, the cataloging and organizing of information resources is the basic, technical and central element or core in this regard. So it is necessary to pay attention to these websites by NLAI. Because one of the main function and responsibility of NLAI (like many other ones), is to supervise, control and compile cataloging standards for other libraries and information centers.
The NLAI has done and entered in the field of processing and cataloging of books and non–books materials consist of printed and electronic resources. So the NLAI should have a clear program and plan for cataloging, updating and managing the websites. This research intends to explore the feasibility study about the cataloging of websites as the significant electronic resources in the national and international field by NLAI. The importance of this research. Deferent advantages and aspects: 1. To establish and design of websites database and to enrich the National Bibliography of Iran; 2. To searching the websites with utilization of the (RASA) library software capability; 3. To establish the accessibility points or links of descriptive and analytical aspects for the end users; 4. To reach to the recall and precision in information retrieval systems in websites bibliographic records; 5. To make standard and integrating of websites cataloging from the descriptive and analytical aspects. The research aims. The main object of the present study is to achieve to the websites cataloging with using the standard rules which are used in NLAI. For this purpose these sub aims as follows: 1. To study about the gathering websites information; 2. Bibliographic description of the websites on the basis of standards and rules which are used in NLAI; 3. The recall and precision accessibility to the websites with establishing the retrievals links and topical analyses in this regard as well; 4. Utilization of subject systems which are used in NLAI for websites indexing. The main questions. 1. From what ways can we reach to the websites information? 2. How is the situation of the websites bibliographic description, on the basis of NLAI, standards and rules? 3. How is the situation of recall and precision accessibility to the websites links and subject analysis in this regard? 4. How is the utilization of subject systems in NLAI for websites indexing? The statistical society. The statistical society of the present study is 50 websites. These are in 20 subjects which have been selected as random from the Pars Index websites. Methodology of the research. The present research has been carried out using the descriptive survey study and library one. To collect the necessary information we have used check list and for the analysis of the data, descriptive statistics, has been used. Conclusion. The researchers are intending to come to this conclusion that is it possible for utilization of electronic resources cataloging rules and standards about the websites cataloging or not? And also is it possible to carry out the customized rules and standards of cataloging on the websites as the kinds of electronic resources in NLAI?
Reza Khanipour has a PhD in LIS, and is Faculty member of NLAI
Soheyla Faal has a Master Degree in LIS. Head of Non-book Resources Section of NLAI
Mahbube Ghorbani PhD student of LIS. Deputy of Director of Processing Department of NLAI
Susan Banoun
The World of ETDs: Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs) at the University of Cincinnati, OhioLINK Consortium, and Beyond: Providing Global Access to Students’ Scholarship
Abstract
The world of ETDs: publishing the scholarship of thousands of students, providing access to research, facilitating graduation and providing researchers discoverability to data. The University of Cincinnati, in collaboration with the state of Ohio’s OhioLINK Consortium, provides the means and platform for electronic theses and dissertations to be published and available to researchers locally and globally.
From the automated submission process designed by the University of Cincinnati Graduate Studies Office, to the OhioLINK platform, with collaboration with the UC Libraries Electronic Resources Department, ETDs are submitted, cataloged and available for discovery in the library catalog and Summon, OCLC WorldCat and The OhioLINK ETD Center in and efficient and timely manner.
This poster explains the steps, platforms and process used, including automated and manual, local, state and national standards, scripts for cataloging and systems.
Information included will demonstrate the usage and download statistics for ETDs including global maps.
Susan Banoun is Head of the Electronic Resources Department at the University of Cincinnati Libraries
Stefano Russo
BeWeB. The cross–domain portal of the Italian ecclesiastical cultural heritage
Abstract
BeWeb – online ecclesiastical cultural heritage – is a project to establish a portal dedicated to the cultural and artistic heritage of the Catholic Church, by providing an integrated view of data regarding churches, the artwork and items of worship they contain, library and archive funds of diocesan and religious institutes, with a special focus on cultural, scientific and pastoral care aspects, in order to provide an authoritative tool for users to know more about these extraordinary assets.
Our goal is to share the outcome of all activities carried out by dioceses and ecclesiastical cultural institutes to manage and enhance their cultural and artistic heritage, both through the catalogue – which provides a virtual map of buildings, items, cultural institutes, archives, funds and libraries – and also through content creation, by connecting different resources together and helping users find their way through this wealth of material, in order for them to appreciate aspects related to pastoral care and worship, in addition to history and culture. Integrating this kind of information leads to a clearer perception of the Church’s unique cultural heritage, which can be understood only by referring to local contexts that provide users with a fundamental key for interpretation.
The digital inventory of ecclesiastical cultural and artistic heritage, that Italian dioceses have been urged to contribute to by the Italian Bishops’ Conference since 1997 – with the support of the National Office for Ecclesiastical Cultural Heritage (UNBCE) acting as coordinator – has led to the creation of a massive digital data bank in the last ten years. The inventory documents an extremely important, sizeable and peculiar cultural heritage, and testifies to the sense of responsibility and spirit of service of dioceses and religious institutes.
UNBCE has laid down the methodology, identified strategies, provided means and support in the different work stages, but this project has been and still is a major networking effort, to which each diocese and institute contribute, safeguarding the added value that is given by the close union between information and heritage which, in several online projects, is sometimes undermined.
The various inventory projects are the result of intense activity based on specific agreements signed with the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities and respective Central Institutes, to promote filing initiatives that comply with relevant national and international standards, safeguarding filing entities’ specifities. The traditionally active dialogue between UNBCE, Ministry officials and particular Churches has led to the pursuit of shared goals in implementing this ambitious project.
Currently, BeWeb hosts the data banks of several Italian dioceses’ historic and artistic heritage, in addition to fact sheets regarding dioceses and cultural institutes (museums, archives and libraries). Over time, it will be enriched with data banks of architectural heritage, archival funds and library assets, thus becoming a cross-sectoral portal of ecclesiastical cultural heritage with and extraordinary potential.
BeWeb engages in dialogue on a 360° radius: this project also includes continuous updates and reflections regarding national and international scenarios, through a semantic web, open data and integration with internationally-renowned archives such as VIAF, ULAN, TGN. All this is also made possible by the development of access point control and standardization (authority files).BeWeb’s aim is to provide for different navigation needs: from average users looking for basic information to specialists engaging in more sophisticated searches. BeWeb acts as a mediator between users and cultural institutions, to enhance the Church’s important cultural heritage through greater participation by making communication easier.
Stefano Russo graduated in Architecture at the Faculty of Pescara, in 1991 he obtained a Bacellerato in Theology at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome. In 1991 he was ordained as priest. Since 1991 he is parochial vicar in the Parish of St. James of the Marches at Ascoli Piceno. Since 2005 he is Director of the National Office for the ecclesiastical cultural heritage of the Italian Bishops’ Conference.
Mathias Balbi, Alberto Abis
Enlightening music: the catalogue and digitisation project of Verdi’s archive at the “Archivio Storico Ricordi” in Milan
Abstract
Our contribution concentrates on the processes of cataloguing and digitalizing of hand–written letters and business documents belonging to the “Ricordi Historical Archive” in Milan, which is at present housed in the Braidense National Library; the archive possesses documents referring to the history of the publishing company covering the two centuries of its activities.
Starting from the ledgers compiled by Giovanni Ricordi, which cover a period from 1814 up to the middle of the 19th century to the documents relative to the school of engraving, the archive also houses a large number of editorial catalogues, published by Ricordi and by other publishing houses which it took over, as well as the original contracts stipulated with composers and librettists from Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini to Arrigo Boito. The collection of about 15,000 hand–written letters covers the period from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century and includes documents sent to Ricordi from writers, singers authors, and composers such as Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini and Ottorino Respighi and librettists Luigi Illica, Giuseppe Giacosa and Arrigo Boito. The second part of the correspondence is made up letter–books and business correspondence which were kept intact from 1888 to 1962, except for the period from 1944 to 1953. Since 2006, work has been carried out to catalogue and digitalize the Ricordi Archive based on the standards set out by the National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale – SBN) which is head of the Central Institute for the Single Catalogue (ICCU). The structure and use of the archive and the external transmission of its contents are safeguarded and enhanced thanks to the combined work of cataloguing and digitalization of this heritage: the preliminary cataloguing of the documents uses a simplified model of the scheme adopted in the description of the manuscript according to sw Manus, elaborated by ICCU: the detailed cataloguing uses seven main fields (identifier, creator, publisher, subject, description, contributor, date) followed by six fields relative to the material details of the document (type, format, language, relation, library, shelfmark); digitalization is done after cataloguing of the pieces: in this brief contribution we will show the production phases (Shooting mode, electronic formats of the digital articles, identification of images) and post–production (Indexing and editing of metadata mag) of the digitalized files. “The Ricordi Historical Archive” also uses a dedicated portal which is compatible with the research on the website “Internet Culturale”(Cultural Internet) (IC) of MagTeca–ICCU which includes, to date, 8338 bibliographic references relative to the Archive. The complete archive of the “Ricordi Historical Archive” can also be explored in its various sectors using the Unified Informations System for the Archivistic Supervision (SIUSA) which can be consulted on the website http://siusa.archivi.beniculturali.it/cgi–bin/pagina.pl.
Mathias Balbi graduated in Arts at the University of Genoa and has a Master degree in LIS at the University of Pavia. As a librarian and archivist he specialized on Cataloguing of Rare books in 2003. From 2003 to 2009 he involved in special collections’ projects at the Accademia delle Scienze and Biblioteca Nazionale. He currently works at Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense in Milan, where, after the development of a major cataloguing project of the Jesuit editions between 1501-1830, is involved in the cataloguing project of the Ricordi Historical Archive, within the “Verdi on–line” project.
Alberto Abis works at the Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense and is involved in the cataloguing project of the Ricordi Historical Archive
Soheyla Faal, Mitra Samiei
Cataloging and Indexing of Dissertations in the National Library & Archives of I.R. of Iran (NLAI)
Abstract
Dissertations consist of significant information which are used by the researchers and students in different fields. So access to them is very important. We can reach to this essential aim by the means of cataloging and indexing. By standard cataloging and indexing, the correct information of every record (metadata) will be presented and thus we can evaluate the resources collection with various criteria. Finally for enriching and completing of the NLAI collection, we can propose the scientific and effective steps.
The present research will study the situation of dissertation cataloging and indexing in NLAI on the basis of the usage of metadata standards and rules. These rules are in two sections: descriptive & analytical cataloging. In this regard we present the thesauruses which are used as well. Meanwhile we explore about the software and metadata standards. Then we explain about the way of designing the MARC sheet works and their usage, fields and subfields in this regard. The present essay will explore about the dissertations of NLAI. In this regard we study about the records of theses in the Iranian bibliographic database on the basis or three criteria: date, university and subject field.
We use two descriptive methodologies in this research: survey and documentary or library research. The tool of gathering necessary information is checklist. Meanwhile we have used the descriptive statistics to analysis the information. With the used of advanced search and also Boolean logic in the NLAI comprehensive software (RASA), we reached to the necessary data. The researches intend to answer the mentioned question in the criteria. And with the use of the advantages and also the evaluation of descriptive and analytical collection of the dissertations in the NLAI, we propose the recommendations to enrich and complete and acquisition of the collection with pay attention to the needs of end users and NLAI aims and regulations.
Soheyla Faal has a Master Degree in LIS. Head of Non-book Resources Section of NLAI
Mitra Samiei has a PhD in LIS and is General-Director of Processing Department of NLAI
Dario Rigolin
Brescia & Cremona public libraries consortia catalog
Abstract
The poster describes the new catalogation protocol and architecture that we are building at Brescia & Cremona public libraries consortia (Network).
The catalogation group is doing a wide semantic catalogation of work adding to them subjects, names and classes and avoiding to link same semantic indexes to manifestations (editions) linked to work. This makes quicker the catalogation of new edtions and reduce the costs of catalog maintenace for the future. This actvity is performed mainly on fiction material.
Another research area is about reshaping and simplufy catalog searches “decomposing” subject in terms and connecting single terms to works or manifestations. In this way we hope to reduce catalog maintenace and make easier the indexing process performed by cataloguers; new tools are built to answer questions like: “find which terms are used as subjects with those other terms? Or find manifestations linked to a specific list of term or subset/superset of it. This process is derived from Postcoordinated indexing.
The poster will describe this project using couple of catalog example using a graph approach.
The Ufficio Biblioteche della Provincia di Brescia, active since the early ’90s, manages the catalogation process for most of the public libraries of Brescia and Cremona Provinces. This entity is very careful to catalogation science and latest theories and it’s very precise about documenting his activities, best practices and protocol standars applied duris his work.
Comperio is a solution provider for libraries working to support all need of libraries. In this case Comperio is working to build all tools and LMS functions needed by this project.
Dario Rigolin founded e-Portal Technologies with Paolo Pezzolo in 2002 and is currently Head of Research and Development Comperio. Dario has gained many experiences, even abroad, in the design and implementation of information systems based on open source technologies.
URL: https://www.aib.it/attivita/congressi/fsr-2014/fsr2014-abstract/2014/40613-fsr-poster-20140227/. Copyright AIB 2014-02-10. A cura di , ultima modifica 2014-02-24